About Personality Disorders
Unfortunately, mental illness is a reality of life and those who criticize people who experience it are out of his or her league. Mothers, teachers, celebrities and customer service representatives, all over the world can be diagnosed with mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder. No one causes these disorders in their life and they can manifest suddenly or gradually. Others could face symptoms related to personality disorders or phobias, for instance. The public can do its part to educate about these conditions so that myths can be better separated from facts.
Paranoid personality disorder
Those who experience paranoid personality disorder will often have trouble trusting people in their lives who they are expected to be close to, such as friends or family members. Some will scrutinize others by exhibiting extreme behavior or unwarranted feelings of betrayal. In an intimate relationship, the patient could become extremely jealous with little no rational justification. Some will also sense danger in situations where it is not present in reality.
Schizoid personality disorder
Some with this condition will not be able to truly appreciate the emotions of others around them. These people could often prefer to be alone in their thoughts and not socialize as much as others. Intimacy and sexual contact will often be a low priority. Signs of anhedonia, or inability to experience pleasure in life, can also be present.
Antisocial personality disorder
Still other clients will experience antisocial personality disorder. These people can often have little regard for the law and legal punishments which can occur. There will often be little or no guilt if he or she mistreats another individual. These people often have unstable professional lives and difficulty keeping positions. Confrontations and altercations can often be likely to occur. One’s own needs will come before the needs of others in the overwhelming majorities of situations.
Borderline personality disorder
This condition can cause psychotic episodes that last for quite short lengths of time. The person could be prone to unpredictable mood swings. Impulsive behavior could lead to unnecessary complications in the person’s life. Intimate relationships will often be fraught with highly dramatic conflict.
Histrionic personality disorder
This disorder will usually cause a person to feel discomfort if they are not the center of attention, such as in a social setting. Some will resort to behavior that is borderline extreme or unacceptable in order to better ensure that this is so. These people will often be viewed as being extremely emotional in situations when it’s not appropriate. People can often be influenced by others to an inappropriate degree.
Narcissistic personality disorder
These people will often have a highly inflated ego or sense of self in relation to others. Yet in reality, their self-esteem will often be in jeopardy. He or she can often be resentful of the success of others, perhaps feeling that they are instead more deserving of it. There is also the tendency to take advantage of others to better meet one’s own needs as well.
Obsessive compulsive disorder
These patients will often experience obsessions or compulsions that they need to fulfill in order to remove feelings of agitation. People with Obsessive compulsive disorder — OCD — will need to comply with standards of cleanliness or repeatedly checking to see that a stove is off, for instance. If circumstances do not meet the expectations of perfection that such a person has, then the emotional response can often be quite intense. One will often feel their way is the only sufficient way to complete a task, such as proper ensuring that a place of residence or a car is locked. Undue concern can arise from mistakes being made, even in cases where it is a natural occurrence from the learning process.
The need for efficient and effective treatment modalities for these patients continues to be paramount. Though recovery methods can often differ depending on the exact disorder, there are certain therapies that will prove helpful in a number of different cases. For example, cognitive behavioral therapy, CBT, has been shown to effectively assist many clients in better adapting thoughts and behaviors to more manageable states. In addition, achieving the right balance of medication can also prove quite beneficial in allowing the individual better mental clarity. He or she will need to be aware of side effects that can result from prescriptions and discuss with a doctor as necessary.
Patients in an inpatient setting will usually be released with an aftercare plan intended to be a continuation to wellness. For example, those with OCD could have a relapse and return to ritualistic behavior. Yet with further treatment, especially in the context of a sufficiently holistic plan, he or she will have far greater odds of lasting wellness.